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全国2008年10月高等教育自学考试

来源:重庆育路自考本科网时间:2018-02-23

   全国2008年10月高等教育自学考试

全国2008年10月高等教育自学考试

  综合英语(二)试题

  课程代码:00795

  I.语法、词汇。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

  1. I saw Bill sitting in a front seat ______ at the speaker with the strangest look.

  A. staring B. stares

  C. stared D. stare

  2. Arrive at the classroom well before the test ______ so you don’t feel rushed.

  A. beginning B. has begun

  C. will begin D. begins

  3. A series of attempts ______ made, he came to a successful solution to the problem.

  A. to be B. had been

  C. were D. having been

  4. Most people in the United States watch TV, ______ they complain a lot about the program.

  A. despite B. except that

  C. thus D. even though

  5. It is desirable that water used for drinking ______ pure.

  A. were B. should be

  C. is D. ought to be

  6. He was much more thorough in his studies than the rest of his class and it was for this reason ______ he made such great progress.

  A. why B. how

  C. that D. for

  7.Although he refused to act on my suggestion,he had to admit that ______ what I said.

  A. there was something in B. it was something in

  C. there was something as D. it was something as

  8. In order to search for the escaped prisoner, the police have decided to ______ whoever comes along the road.

  A. ask B. investigate

  C. inquire D. question

  9. The teacher took the ______ to learn the students’ names on the first day of school.

  A. difficulty B. trouble

  C. problem D. hardship

  10. Animals become ______ to their young as soon as they can look after themselves.

  A. ignorant B. careless

  C. indifferent D. cruel

  11. ______ how much you practice the speech,the actual presentation will be different from your plan.

  A. Aware of B. Convinced of

  C. Clear of D. Regardless of

  12. I continued to ______ his progress against the charts provided by the doctor.

  A. count B. measure

  C. calculate D. judge

  13. The lab has recently been updated to ______ for more advanced courses.

  A. supply B. provide

  C. allow D. support

  14. No one knows whether a child’s ______ towards fatness is inherited or due to the food he eats.

  A. tendency B. trend

  C. intention D. inclination

  15. The police ____ Mr. Burger for the wanted suspect and informed the headquarters immediately.

  A. treated B. took

  C. believed D. recognized

  Ⅱ.完形填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

  Migration,in biology, is the movement of animals to a place that offers better living conditions.Many birds,fishes,insects,and mammals regularly migrate to 16 unfavorable changes in weather or food supply.

  Migrations take place on land,in water, or in the air. Some animals migrate only short

  17 .Other migrations cover thousands of miles or kilometers.

  Migration enables many animals to 18 favorable weather and abundant food supplies in areas with changing 19 .In some parts of the world,for example,food is plentiful in summer but becomes 20 during the cold winter months.Many animals that live in these regions migrate to 21 climates in the fall.They return in the spring when the weather warms up.

  Many migrations are 22 reproduction.Numerous animals migrate to breeding areas so that their young have the best chance for 23 .Migratory birds breed in their summer homes,

  24 the food supply is most abundant.

  Many animals begin their migrations after unfavorable environmental conditions 25 .But among other species,the factors that trigger(引发)migrations are more difficult to explain.Experiments show that changes in day length 26 the migrations of many species of birds.In spring,the 27 hours of daylight trigger the release of certain hormones in the bodies of the birds.Hormones are chemical substances that regulate many body functions. 28 ,the hormones prepare the birds for the northward trip.

  Besides using environmental 29 ,many seasonal migrators probably have an inborn “calendar” that tells them when to migrate.Some birds show seasonal migratory behavior even when kept 30 constant conditions in a laboratory.An inborn timing mechanism may trigger the migration of salmon and other animals that migrate at different stages of their life.

  16. A.adapt to B. fight against C. control D. avoid

  17. A.periods B. spans C. distances D. 1engths

  18. A.make sense of B. take advantage of

  C.pay attention to D. give way to

  19. A.species B. chances C. environments D. factors

  20. A.scarce B. frozen C. poisonous D. tasteless

  21. A.warmer B. colder C. drier D. wetter

  22. A.taken for B. caused by C. known as D. related to

  23. A.survival B. arrival C. existence D. insistence

  24. A.when B. which C. while D. where

  25. A.put in B. cut in C. set in D. get in

  26. A.accumulate B. calculate C. formulate D. stimulate

  27. A.decreasing B. increasing C. shrinking D. stretching

  28. A.In any case B. In this case C. In a sense D. In no sense

  29. A.indexes B. symbols C. signs D. clues

  30. A.under B. with C. to D. on

  Ⅲ.难句释义。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

  31. Yet,some people say that ours is an age where true heroes and heroines are hard to come by, where the very ideal of heroism is something beyond us — an artifact of the past.

  A. …it’s impossible for us to find a perfect hero in today’s society.

  B. …people today can’t possibly reach the highness of real heroes.

  C. ...heroes in the past had better quality than those today.

  D. …people fail to understand the history of heroism.

  32. We began to move restlessly about if we feel time is slipping away without some return - be this in terms of pleasure, work value, or rest.

  A. …this is only true with pleasure,work, or rest.

  B. …this helps us to understand pleasure,work,or rest.

  C. ...we behave in this way when we play, work, or rest.

  D.…we use these terms except when we play, work, or rest.

  33. All of us depend on our peace of mind and our efficiency on hundreds of these cues,often without our conscious awareness.

  A. We haven’t realized that these cues can help with our mind and our work.

  B. We need to deal with a large amount of cues quickly and unconsciously.

  C. We need mental peace and efficiency in order to understand these cues.

  D. We rely on these cues unconsciously to behave properly with ease.

  34. Courtesy,politeness,good manners—call it what you will,the supply never seems to equal the demand.

  A. …there is never enough politeness in real life.

  B.…the demand to supply equal names is never satisfied.

  C. …you can never have enough words to describe politeness.

  D. …it is difficult to find a balance between different manners.

  35. She even felt a kind of distant kinship with the B-29s that flew regularly overhead,bound north for Tokyo and other targets.

  A. She realized that the B-29s resembled her in a certain way…

  B. She believed that the B-29s were so far away from her…

  C. She identified the B-29s’direction from a distance…

  D. She somehow felt close to the B-29s…

  36. It [having censors’ stamps of approval on each page] would give me prestige in his eyes,or at least make me less suspect,foreigner though I was.

  A. He might treat me,a foreigner, with no respect,not to mention any trust.

  B. He might have a higher opinion of me,although he hated all foreigners.

  C. It might in some way reduce his suspicion on me,even a foreigner.

  D. It might offer a foreigner like me a good chance to win his favor.

  37. How do you go about making a boy into a zero?

  A. How can people possibly turn a boy into nobody?

  B. How do you feel about 1eaving a boy in poverty?

  C. What about saving a boy from his failure?

  D. What can you do to help a boy start from scratch?

  38. The scene is the bedroom in the home of a young Hollywood couple,…whose careers are still in the promising stage.

  A. …whose careers have a good start but need careful planning.

  B. …whose careers have a bright future but are still developing.

  C. …who have been very successful in their careers.

  D. …who are facing a turning point of their careers.

  39. A friend is someone who draws out your own best qualities,with whom you sparkle and become more of whatever the friendship draws upon.

  A. …and become better in the aspect the friendship bases on.

  B. …and become keener in the awareness of the friendship.

  C. …and benefit more from the friendship you cherish.

  D. …and show more devotion to the friendship.

  40. At any rate, he hit upon a way of making a living, with no competitors.

  A. No matter how hard he worked,he failed to make a living…

  B. No matter what other people said,he succeeded in making a living…

  C. Whatever the case might be,he happened to find a way of supporting himself. . .

  D. Whatever the result might be,he insisted on his own way of supporting himself…

  Ⅳ. 阅读理解。阅读短文,根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案, 并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  Passage 1

  Britain has always been a neighbor of France,separated only by the 20-mile seaway of the English Channel. And for most of the time that the two countries have existed,the French and the British have been rivals or even enemies. One conflict between the two countries lasted over 100 years,and the British and French were at war through the 18th century.

  Those were not just local difficulties. When Americans rebelled against British rule,thousands of French soldiers fought alongside them,and paid by France. Without the conflict between Britain and France,there would probably have been no America.

  There is no fighting now, of course. But there is still a strong sense of rivalry between the two nations. That’s why a recent survey in the UK caused a major shock.

  It revealed that one third of the British people would like to live in France. It also showed that 21 per cent of British people would actually prefer to have been born in France.

  Many reasons were given. France has a better climate and a more relaxed lifestyle,with some of the longest holidays in Europe. It is thought to have better public services in every area from health to transport. People in France work shorter hours and enjoy longer vacations. And think of the food!

  Others point to what they call “football diplomacy.” French players like Thierry Henry and managers like Arsene Wenger have revolutionized British attitudes towards France. It’s true that many British people only respect nations that play football well. And that may indicate why so many people want to leave England!

  But this may be part of a more general cultural change. Growing numbers of people in Britain drink wine instead of beer and coffee instead of tea. They pay more attention to the way they dress. In some ways,they are becoming more French.

  Estimates of the numbers of Britons living in France range from 1 00,000 to half a million. But it is not one-way traffic. Around 15,000 French people per year come to live in Britain, mainly setting in London. They are attracted by higher pay in Britain,lower taxes,a more dynamic lifestyle and work in Britain,where there are greater economic opportunities.

  Now the citizens of the European Union are free to move between countries within the EU which have different social systems. Some are more socially conservative. Others offer better public services and a more relaxed lifestyle. Traditionally, debates over these issues have been part of the politics of European nation states. Now it seems that people can go to the place that suits them best.

  So perhaps the British are not becoming more French. Instead,both the French and the British are becoming more European.

  41. The survey caused a shock because it shows that ______.

  A. British people think France has better public services

  B. France has a better climate and a more relaxed lifestyle

  C. people in France work shorter hours and enjoy longer holidays

  D. more than 30 percent of the British people would like to live in France

  42. The underlying meaning of “And think of the food!” in Paragraph 5 is that the food in France is ______.

  A. much cheaper B. more delicious

  C. more expensive D. more disgusting

  43. The “football diplomacy” has changed some British people’s ______.

  A. taste in food B. style in fashion

  C. image of France D. attitudes to football

  44. In the 8th paragraph,from the sentence “But it is not one-way traffic”, we can infer that ______.

  A. some French people prefer to live in Britain as well

  B. some British people prefer to live in France as well

  C. people can drive back and forth between the two countries

  D. people can drive on both sides of the roads in the two countries

  45. What is the intention of the author?

  A. To inform. B. To argue.

  C. To judge. D. To persuade.

  Passage 2

  I still recall a scene from an otherwise totally forgettable movie I saw many years ago. A business executive in a suit and tie,carrying a briefcase,is walking home after a typically stressful day at the office. He passes a neighbour’s lawn where a group of small children are playing with a garden hose that someone has left running on the grass.

  The man watches the laughing and screaming children with a smile on his face. Then,after looking around to make sure no one is looking,he throws off his business suit,drops the briefcase,and rushes to join the fun.

  The man’s face is filled with joyful abandon as,wearing only shorts and vest,he turns his body to meet the full impact of the gushing hose. The next scene shows him back in his suit,continuing his way home and looking a little sheepish,as he adjusts his features to assume,once more,the appearance of calm respectability.

  How often do we look back at the pure,spontaneous joys of childhood—to a time when joy was pure and full,unchecked by the feelings of guilt or concern for propriety? The thrill of a forbidden expedition to a pond or the delight of watching the matchstick flare up between one’s fingers.

  I remember that time when,as a small child,my eager little fingers touched the hong bao that I had been given by a visitor on the first day of the Chinese New Year, and felt—joy of joys! —the welcome flatness of paper money instead of the hardness of coins.

  I shouted for joy and called attention to my new wealth,unaware of my mother’s embarrassment as she cast a quick glance at the visitor. Later, after the guest had left, she told me in a severe voice never to do such a “shameful” thing again. What would people think?

  Oh,for the return of lost innocence and the capacity for pure joy. Yet the truth is that no matter how endearing a child’s spontaneity of feelings and action,it would be unrealistic to allow these emotions to carry over to adult life. The business of living is a serious one,necessarily regulated by an array of customs,codes and norms to ensure the smooth function of day-to-day life:at home or at work,in the private or public domain.

  There are “dos and don’ts” related to polite,socially acceptable behaviour,that ensure we act in the correct way,use the proper forms of address,and express our feelings in ways that do not offend others.

  Yet the need for playfulness seems to be a permanent feature of the human condition. It is inseparable,even in the most serious adult. Sometimes,during parties and games,this force is allowed to break through the smooth surface of social respectability;for a few brief moments it is all right for adults to engage in horseplay.

  Witness the wild abandon with which partygoers throw each other into the swimming pool,put on crazy masks and play silly games. The rest of the time we are required to be mature,disciplined adults carrying on the serious business of living.

  But,once again,for the return of lost innocence! The greatest loss of all,even greater than the loss of pure enjoyment,is the loss of a sense of wonder. This is the special gift of childhood:the ability to see the world with fresh eyes,treating the most ordinary objects and happenings with keen curiosity and fascination.

  To reclaim the child’s sense of wonder, to be attentive to the marvels that surround us,whether these be the everyday beauties of nature,the warmth of human contact,or the extraordinary achievements of modern technology, is not only to save ourselves from the tiredness of living,but to enrich our lives will a special spiritual dimension.

  46. The author described the movie scene at the beginning in order to ______.

  A. point out the charm of the movie

  B. suggest ways adults can use to relax

  C. illustrate how eager adults are to have some fun

  D. emphasize how much pressure working people have

  47. The word “sheepish” in paragraph 3 Can be best replaced by ______.

  A. exhausted B. embarrassed

  C. depressed D. disappointed

  48. Which of the following is the author likely to disagree with?

  A. A child plays with matches.

  B. An adult plays jokes on others in parties.

  C. A businessman engages in silly games when off work.

  D. A mother stops her kid from being excited in front of a guest.

  49. We Can infer from the passage that the author cherishes ______ most in his adult life.

  A. the childlike spirit B. childhood games

  C. others’ respect D. business success

  50. Which might be a proper title for the essay?

  A. Proper Social Behavior

  B. Ways to Live Like a Child

  C. Children’s Wonderful World

  D. Adults Need to Be Playful,Too

  V. 词形转换。将括号里提供的词转换成适当的词形填入答题纸上相应的位置。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

  51. She spent ten years as a struggling artist,before receiving any ______ for her work. (recognize)

  52. The ______ elections dominated the news for several months. (president)

  53. Though she is getting on in years,she still has a ______ fear of the dark. (child)

  54. Humans,like other animals,interact through ______ behavior by means of signs or symbols used conventionally. (communicate)

  55. There was never an angry man that thought his anger ______. (just)

  56. Instinct is the ______ tendency that a person or animal has to behave or react in a particular way. (nature)

  57. Doctors are now using surgery to preserve ______ in many people with a certain disease who would otherwise go blind. (eye;sight)

  58. The secretary will arrange a mutually ______ time and place for an interview. (convenience)

  59. He appeared to be suffering from a severe mental ______ and was sent to hospital. (order)

  60. The difference between the possible and the ______ lies in a person’s determination. (possible)

  Ⅵ. 句子翻译。将下列句子译成英语,译文写在答题纸上相应的位置。(本大题共5小题,每小题3分,共15分)

  61. 为了人们健康地生活,我们要控制噪声污染。

  62. 他发表了一项声明,大意是他将竞选总统。

  63. 手机可以让你自由接打电话,而不告知对方你的具体位置。

  64. 据报道,世界上有五分之一的儿童甚至享受不到最基础的教育。

  65. 当他被叫到前面演讲时,他紧张得嘴唇都白了。

  Ⅶ. 作文。根据所学的一篇课文,写出150字左右的短文。(本大题15分)

  Topic:According to the author of “Are You Giving Your Kids Too Much?”, what is the right attitude parents should take when denying children’s excessive requests? You should follow the outline given below:

  1. The right attitude

  2. The importance of it

  3. Children’s response to it

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